List Of Countries By Gdp -ppp- Per Capita

Three lists of countries below calculate gross domestic product (at purchasing power parity) per capita, i.e., the purchasing power parity (PPP) value of all final goods and services produced within a country in a given year, divided by the average (or mid-year) population for the same year. As of 2017, the average GDP per capita (PPP) of all of the countries of the world is US$17,300. For rankings regarding wealth, see list of countries by wealth per adult. The gross domestic product (GDP) per capita figures on this page are derived from PPP calculations. Such calculations are prepared by various organizations, including the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank. As estimates and assumptions have to be made, the results produced by different organizations for the same country are not hard facts and tend to differ, sometimes substantially, so they should be used with caution.

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Explanation

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Countries by GDP (PPP) per capita (Int$) in 2017 according to the IMF
  > 50,000
  35,000–50,000
  20,000–35,000
  10,000–20,000
  5,000–10,000
  2,000–5,000
  < 2,000
  No data

Three lists of countries below calculate gross domestic product (at purchasing power parity) per capita, i.e., the purchasing power parity (PPP) value of all final goods and services produced within a country in a given year, divided by the average (or mid-year) population for the same year.

As of 2017, the average GDP per capita (PPP) of all of the countries of the world is US$17,300.[1] For rankings regarding wealth, see list of countries by wealth per adult.

Methodology

The gross domestic product (GDP) per capita figures on this page are derived from PPP calculations. Such calculations are prepared by various organizations, including the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank. As estimates and assumptions have to be made, the results produced by different organizations for the same country are not hard facts and tend to differ, sometimes substantially, so they should be used with caution.

Comparisons of national wealth are frequently made on the basis of nominal GDP and savings (not just income), which do not reflect differences in the cost of living in different countries (see List of countries by GDP (nominal) per capita); hence, using a PPP basis is arguably more useful when comparing generalized differences in living standards between nations because PPP takes into account the relative cost of living and the inflation rates of the countries, rather than using only exchange rates, which may distort the real differences in income. This is why GDP (PPP) per capita is often considered one of the indicators of a country's standard of living,[2][3] although this can be problematic because GDP per capita is not a measure of personal income. (See Standard of living and GDP.)

Note that the Irish GDP data below is subject to material distortion by the tax planning activities of foreign multinationals in Ireland. 2015 Irish GDP was over 150% of 2015 Irish GNI. To address this, in 2017 the Central Bank of Ireland created "modified GNI" (or GNI*) as a more appropriate statistic, and the OECD and IMF have adopted it for Ireland. 2015 Irish GDP is 143% of 2015 Irish GNI*.

Lists of countries and dependencies

All figures are in current Geary–Khamis dollars (also known as international dollars), and rounded up or down to the nearest whole number.

Several economies that are not considered to be sovereign states (such as various dependent territories) are included because they appear in the sources. These non-sovereign entities, former countries and other special groupings are in italics. They are listed in dollar order, but are not given a numerical rank.

International Monetary Fund (2017)[4] World Bank (2017)[5][6] Central Intelligence Agency (19932017)[7]
Rank Country/Territory Int$
1 Qatar124,927
 Macau114,430
2 Luxembourg109,192
3 Singapore90,531
4 Brunei76,743
5 Ireland72,632
6 Norway70,590
7 Kuwait69,669
8 United Arab Emirates68,245
9  Switzerland61,360
 Hong Kong61,016
10 San Marino60,359
11 United States59,495
12 Saudi Arabia55,263
13 Netherlands53,582
14 Iceland52,150
15 Bahrain51,846
16 Sweden51,264
17 Germany50,206
18 Australia49,882
 Taiwan49,827
19 Denmark49,613
20 Austria49,247
21 Canada48,141
22 Belgium46,301
23 Oman45,464
24 Finland44,050
25 United Kingdom43,620
26 France43,550
27 Japan42,659
28 Malta42,532
29 Korea, South39,387
30 New Zealand38,502
31 Spain38,171
32 Italy37,970
 Puerto Rico37,895
33 Cyprus36,557
34 Israel36,250
35 Czech Republic35,223
36 Equatorial Guinea34,865
37 Slovenia34,063
38 Slovakia32,895
39 Lithuania31,935
40 Estonia31,473
41 Trinidad and Tobago31,154
42 Portugal30,258
43 Poland29,251
44 Hungary28,910
45 Malaysia28,871
46 Seychelles28,712
47 Russia27,890
48 Greece27,776
49 Latvia27,291
50 Saint Kitts and Nevis26,849
51 Antigua and Barbuda26,198
52 Turkey26,453
53 Kazakhstan26,071
54 Bahamas, The25,080
55 Chile24,588
56 Romania24,508
57 Panama24,262
58 Croatia24,095
59 Uruguay22,445
60 Mauritius21,628
61 Bulgaria21,578
62 Argentina20,677
63 Iran20,030
64 Mexico19,480
65 Lebanon19,486
66 Gabon19,266
67 Maldives19,178
68 Turkmenistan18,680
69 Belarus18,616
70 Botswana18,146
71 Thailand17,786
72 Barbados17,508
73 Montenegro17,439
74 Azerbaijan17,433
75 Costa Rica17,149
76 Iraq17,004
77 Dominican Republic16,965
 World[n 1]16,779
78 China16,624
79 Palau16,472
80 Brazil15,500
81 North Macedonia15,203
82 Serbia15,164
83 Algeria15,150
84 Grenada14,779
85 Colombia14,455
86 Suriname13,876
87 Saint Lucia13,579
88 South Africa13,403
89 Peru13,342
90 Sri Lanka13,001
91 Egypt12,994
92 Mongolia12,551
93 Jordan12,487
94 Albania12,472
95 Venezuela12,388
96 Indonesia12,378
97 Dominica12,035
 Kosovo12,003
98 Nauru11,995
99 Tunisia11,987
100 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines11,623
101 Namibia11,528
102 Bosnia and Herzegovina11,404
103 Ecuador11,234
104 Georgia10,644
105 Eswatini9,882
106 Fiji9,857
107 Libya9,792
108 Paraguay9,785
109 Jamaica9,212
110 Armenia9,098
111 El Salvador8,934
112 Bhutan8,720
113 Ukraine8,656
114 Morocco8,612
115 Belize8,341
116 Guyana8,266
117 Philippines8,229
118 Guatemala8,173
119 Bolivia7,543
120 Laos7,367
121 India7,174
122 Uzbekistan6,990
123 Cape Verde6,942
124 Vietnam6,876
125 Angola6,813
126 Congo, Republic of the6,707
127 Myanmar6,285
128 Nigeria5,927
129 Nicaragua5,823
130 Samoa5,737
131 Moldova5,657
132 Tonga5,605
133 Honduras5,499
134 Pakistan5,354
135 Timor-Leste5,008
136 Ghana4,605
137 Sudan4,580
138 Bangladesh4,561
139 Mauritania4,474
140 Cambodia4,010
141 Zambia3,997
142 Lesotho3,869
143 Côte d'Ivoire3,857
144 Tuvalu3,804
145 Papua New Guinea3,803
146 Kyrgyzstan3,652
147 Djibouti3,567
148 Kenya3,496
149 Marshall Islands3,436
150 Micronesia, Federated States of3,392
151 Cameroon3,359
152 Tanzania3,283
153 São Tomé and Príncipe3,208
154 Tajikistan3,131
155 Vanuatu2,780
156   Nepal2,690
157 Senegal2,678
158 Chad2,433
159 Uganda2,352
160 Yemen2,300
161 Zimbabwe2,277
162 Benin2,219
163 Mali2,169
164 Solomon Islands2,145
165 Ethiopia2,113
166 Rwanda2,081
167 Guinea2,039
168 Kiribati1,958
169 Afghanistan1,889
170 Burkina Faso1,884
171 Haiti1,810
172 Guinea-Bissau1,806
173 Sierra Leone1,791
174 Gambia, The1,686
175 South Sudan1,503
176 Togo1,612
177 Comoros1,560
178 Madagascar1,554
179 Eritrea1,434
180 Mozambique1,266
181 Malawi1,172
182 Niger1,153
183 Liberia867
184 Burundi808
185 Congo, Democratic Republic of the785
186 Central African Republic681
Rank Country/Territory Int$
1 Qatar128,378
 Macau115,123
2 Luxembourg103,662
3 Singapore93,905
4 Brunei78,836
5 Ireland76,305
6 United Arab Emirates73,879
7  Kuwait 71,943
8  Switzerland65,006
9  San Marino 62,425
 Hong Kong61,540
10 Norway60,978
11 United States59,532
12 Saudi Arabia53,845
13 Iceland53,518
14 Netherlands52,941
15 Austria52,558
16 Germany50,715
17 Denmark50,541
18 Sweden50,070
19 Belgium47,561
20  Bahrain 47,527
21 Australia47,047
22 Canada46,378
23 Finland45,192
24 United Kingdom43,877
25 Japan43,876
26 France42,779
27  Oman 41,675
 European Union41,091
28 New Zealand40,917
29 Italy39,817
30 Malta39,534
31 Israel38,413
32 Korea, South38,260
33 Spain38,091
34 Czech Republic36,916
35 Slovenia34,802
36 Cyprus34,504
37 Portugal32,199
38 Slovakia32,111
39 Lithuania32,093
40 Estonia31,638
41 Trinidad and Tobago31,578
42 Bahamas, The30,430
43 Malaysia29,432
44 Poland29,291
45 Seychelles28,964
46 Hungary28,375
47 Turkey27,916
48 Greece27,809
49 Latvia27,598
50 Saint Kitts and Nevis27,067
51 Kazakhstan26,410
52 Romania25,841
53 Russia25,533
54 Croatia25,264
55 Equatorial Guinea24,817
56 Panama24,446
57 Chile24,085
58 Antigua and Barbuda23,594
59 Uruguay22,563
60 Mauritius22,279
61  Iran 20,950
62 Argentina20,787
63 Bulgaria20,329
64  Libya 19,631
65 Belarus18,848
66 Montenegro18,765
67 Barbados18,640
68 Gabon18,183
69 Mexico18,149
70 Turkmenistan17,993
71 Thailand17,871
72 Azerbaijan17,398
73 Botswana17,354
74 Iraq17,197
75 Costa Rica17,044
 World16,961
76 China16,807
77 Maldives16,669
78 Dominican Republic16,030
79 Brazil15,484
80 Algeria15,275
81 North Macedonia15,231
82 Suriname15,114
83 Serbia15,090
84 Grenada14,924
85 Lebanon14,676
86 Colombia14,552
87 Palau14,536
88 Saint Lucia14,219
89 Nauru14,158
90 South Africa13,498
91 Peru13,434
92 Mongolia13,000
93 Bosnia and Herzegovina12,876
94 Sri Lanka12,811
95 Indonesia12,284
96 Albania12,021
97 Tunisia11,911
98 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines11,777
99 Ecuador11,617
100 Egypt11,583
 Kosovo10,754
101 Georgia10,699
102 Dominica10,620
103 Namibia10,476
104 Paraguay9,691
105 Armenia9,648
106 Bhutan9,561
107 Fiji9,555
108 Jordan9,153
109 Jamaica8,995
110 Ukraine8,667
111 Belize8,590
112 Eswatini8,496
113 Philippines8,342
114 Morocco8,218
115 Guyana8,163
116 Guatemala8,150
117 El Salvador8,006
118 Bolivia7,560
119  Timor-Leste 7,213
120 India7,056
121 Laos7,023
122 Uzbekistan6,865
123 Cape Verde6,832
124 Vietnam6,775
125 Samoa6,611
126 Angola6,389
127 Myanmar6,139
128 Tonga5,957
129 Nigeria5,861
130 Nicaragua5,842
131 Moldova5,698
132 Pakistan5,527
133 Congo, Republic of the5,359
134 Honduras4,986
135 Sudan4,904
 West Bank and Gaza4,885
136 Ghana4,641
137 Papua New Guinea4,197
138 Marshall Islands4,192
139 Zambia4,050
140 Cambodia4,002
141 Côte d'Ivoire3,953
142 Mauritania3,950
143 Tuvalu3,925
144 Bangladesh3,869
145 Kyrgyzstan3,726
146 Cameroon3,694
147 Micronesia, Federated States of3,622
148 São Tomé and Príncipe3,351
149 Kenya3,286
150 Vanuatu3,208
151 Tajikistan3,180
152 Lesotho3,130
153 Tanzania2,946
154 Senegal2,712
155   Nepal2,682
156 Solomon Islands2,422
157 Guinea2,285
158 Benin2,266
159 Mali2,211
160 Kiribati2,175
161 Zimbabwe2,086
162 Rwanda2,036
163 Afghanistan1,981
164 Chad1,941
165 Ethiopia1,899
166 Burkina Faso1,870
167 Uganda1,864
168 Haiti1,815
169 Gambia, The1,715
170 Guinea-Bissau1,700
171 Togo1,570
172 Madagascar1,555
173 Comoros1,552
174 Sierra Leone1,526
175 Mozambique1,247
176 Malawi1,202
177 Niger1,017
178 Congo, Democratic Republic of the887
179 Liberia827
180 Burundi771
181 Central African Republic726
Rank Country/Territory Int$ Year
1 Liechtenstein139,1002009 est.
2 Qatar124,9002017 est.
3 Monaco115,7002015 est.
 Macau114,4002017 est.
4 Luxembourg109,1002017 est.
 Falkland Islands96,2002012 est.
5 Singapore90,5002017 est.
 Bermuda85,7002013 est.
 Isle of Man84,6002014 est.
6 Brunei76,7002017 est.
7 Ireland72,6002017 est.
8 Norway70,6002017 est.
9 Kuwait69,7002017 est.
10 United Arab Emirates68,2002017 est.
 Sint Maarten66,8002014 est.
 Gibraltar61,7002014 est.
11  Switzerland61,4002017 est.
 Hong Kong61,0002017 est.
12 San Marino59,5002017 est.
13 United States59,5002017 est.
14 Saudi Arabia55,3002017 est.
15 Netherlands53,6002017 est.
 Guernsey52,5002014 est.
16 Iceland52,1002017 est.
17 Bahrain51,8002017 est.
18 Sweden51,3002017 est.
19 Germany50,2002017 est.
20 Australia49,9002017 est.
21 Andorra49,9002015 est.
 Taiwan49,8002017 est.
22 Denmark49,6002017 est.
 Jersey49,5002015 est.
23 Austria49,2002017 est.
24 Canada48,1002017 est.
25 Belgium46,3002017 est.
26 Oman45,5002017 est.
27 Finland44,0002017 est.
 Cayman Islands43,8002004 est.
28 France43,6002017 est.
29 United Kingdom43,6002017 est.
30 Japan42,7002017 est.
31 Malta42,5002017 est.
 British Virgin Islands42,3002010 est.
 European Union40,9002017 est.
 Faroe Islands40,0002014 est.
32 Korea, South39,4002017 est.
33 New Zealand38,9002017 est.
34 Spain38,3002017 est.
35 Italy38,1002017 est.
 Greenland37,6002015 est.
 Puerto Rico37,3002017 est.
36 Cyprus36,6002017 est.
37 Israel36,2002017 est.
 U.S. Virgin Islands36,1002013 est.
38 Czech Republic35,2002017 est.
39 Equatorial Guinea34,9002017 est.
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon34,9002006 est.
40 Slovenia34,1002017 est.
41 Slovakia32,9002017 est.
42 Lithuania31,9002017 est.
43 Estonia31,5002017 est.
44 Trinidad and Tobago31,2002017 est.
 New Caledonia31,1002015 est.
 Guam30,5002013 est.
45 Portugal30,3002017 est.
46 Poland29,3002017 est.
 Turks and Caicos Islands29,1002007 est.
47 Seychelles28,9002017 est.
48 Hungary28,9002017 est.
49 Malaysia28,9002017 est.
50 Russia27,9002017 est.
51 Greece27,8002017 est.
52 Latvia27,3002017 est.
53 Saint Kitts and Nevis26,8002017 est.
54 Turkey26,5002017 est.
55 Antigua and Barbuda26,3002017 est.
56 Kazakhstan26,1002017 est.
 Aruba25,3002011 est.
57 Bahamas, The25,1002017 est.
58 Chile24,6002017 est.
59 Panama24,3002017 est.
60 Croatia24,1002017 est.
61 Romania24,0002017 est.
62 Uruguay22,4002017 est.
63 Bulgaria21,6002017 est.
64 Mauritius21,6002017 est.
65 Argentina20,7002017 est.
66 Iran20,0002017 est.
67 Mexico19,5002017 est.
68 Lebanon19,5002017 est.
69 Gabon19,3002017 est.
 Saint Martin19,3002005 est.
70 Maldives19,2002017 est.
71 Turkmenistan18,7002017 est.
72 Belarus18,6002017 est.
73 Botswana18,1002017 est.
74 Thailand17,8002017 est.
75 Barbados17,5002017 est.
76 Azerbaijan17,4002017 est.
77 Montenegro17,4002017 est.
78 Costa Rica17,2002017 est.
79 Iraq17,0002017 est.
 French Polynesia17,0002015 est.
80 Dominican Republic17,0002017 est.
81 Palau16,7002017 est.
82 China16,6002017 est.
83 Brazil15,5002017 est.
84 Serbia15,2002017 est.
85 North Macedonia15,2002017 est.
86 Algeria15,1002017 est.
 Curaçao15,0002004 est.
87 Grenada14,7002017 est.
88 Colombia14,5002017 est.
89 Suriname13,9002017 est.
90 Saint Lucia13,5002017 est.
91 South Africa13,4002017 est.
 Northern Mariana Islands13,3002013 est.
92 Peru13,3002017 est.
93 Egypt13,0002017 est.
 American Samoa13,0002013 est.
94 Sri Lanka13,0002017 est.
95 Mongolia12,6002017 est.
96 Jordan12,5002017 est.
97 Albania12,5002017 est.
98 Indonesia12,4002017 est.
99 Venezuela12,4002017 est.
 Cook Islands12,3002010 est.
100 Nauru12,2002017 est.
 Anguilla12,2002008 est.
101 Dominica12,0002017 est.
102 Tunisia12,0002017 est.
103 Cuba11,9002016 est.
104 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines11,6002017 est.
105 Namibia11,5002017 est.
106 Bosnia and Herzegovina11,4002017 est.
107 Ecuador11,2002017 est.
108 Georgia10,6002017 est.
 Kosovo10,4002017 est.
109 Fiji9,9002017 est.
110 Eswatini9,9002017 est.
111 Paraguay9,8002017 est.
112 Libya9,8002017 est.
113 Jamaica9,2002017 est.
114 Armenia9,1002017 est.
115 El Salvador8,9002017 est.
116 Ukraine8,7002017 est.
117 Bhutan8,7002017 est.
118 Morocco8,6002017 est.
 Montserrat8,5002006 est.
119 Guyana8,3002017 est.
120 Belize8,3002017 est.
121 Guatemala8,2002017 est.
122 Philippines8,2002017 est.
 Saint Helena, Ascension
and Tristan da Cunha
7,8002010 est.
123 Bolivia7,5002017 est.
124 Laos7,4002017 est.
125 India7,2002017 est.
126 Uzbekistan7,0002017 est.
127 Vietnam6,9002017 est.
128 Cape Verde6,9002017 est.
129 Angola6,8002017 est.
130 Congo, Republic of the6,7002017 est.
131 Myanmar6,3002017 est.
132 Nigeria5,9002017 est.
133 Nicaragua5,8002015 est.
 Niue5,8002003 est.
134 Moldova5,7002017 est.
135 Samoa5,7002017 est.
136 Tonga5,6002017 est.
137 Honduras5,5002017 est.
138 Pakistan5,4002017 est.
139 Timor-Leste5,0002017 est.
140 Ghana4,6002017 est.
141 Sudan4,6002017 est.
142 Mauritania4,5002017 est.
 Palestine, State of4,3002014 est.
143 Bangladesh4,2002017 est.
144 Cambodia4,0002017 est.
145 Zambia4,0002017 est.
146 Lesotho3,9002017 est.
147 Côte d'Ivoire3,9002017 est.
148 Tuvalu3,8002017 est.
149 Papua New Guinea3,8002017 est.
 Wallis and Futuna3,8002004 est.
150 Kyrgyzstan3,7002017 est.
151 Djibouti3,6002017 est.
152 Kenya3,5002017 est.
153 Cameroon3,4002017 est.
154 Marshall Islands3,4002017 est.
155 Micronesia, Federated States of3,4002017 est.
156 Tanzania3,3002017 est.
157 São Tomé and Príncipe3,2002017 est.
158 Tajikistan3,1002017 est.
159 Syria2,9002015 est.
160 Vanuatu2,8002017 est.
161   Nepal2,7002017 est.
162 Senegal2,7002017 est.
 Western Sahara2,5002007 est.
163 Chad2,4002017 est.
164 Uganda2,4002017 est.
165 Zimbabwe2,3002017 est.
166 Yemen2,3002017 est.
167 Mali2,2002017 est.
168 Benin2,2002017 est.
169 Rwanda2,1002017 est.
170 Ethiopia2,1002017 est.
171 Solomon Islands2,1002017 est.
172 Guinea2,0002017 est.
173 Burkina Faso1,9002017 est.
174 Kiribati1,9002017 est.
175 Afghanistan1,9002017 est.
176 Sierra Leone1,8002017 est.
177 Guinea-Bissau1,8002017 est.
178 Haiti1,8002017 est.
179 Korea, North1,7002015 est.
180 Gambia, The1,7002017 est.
181 Togo1,6002017 est.
182 Madagascar1,6002017 est.
183 Comoros1,6002017 est.
184 South Sudan1,5002017 est.
185 Eritrea1,4002017 est.
186 Mozambique1,3002017 est.
187 Niger1,2002017 est.
188 Malawi1,2002017 est.
 Tokelau1,0001993 est.
189 Liberia9002017 est.
190 Congo, Democratic Republic of the8002017 est.
191 Burundi8002017 est.
192 Central African Republic7002017 est.
193 SomaliaN/A2017 est.

Distorted GDP-per-capita for tax havens

There are many natural economic reasons for GDP-per-capita to vary between jurisdictions (e.g. places rich in Oil & Gas reserves tend to have high GDP-per-capita figures). However, it is increasingly being recognized that tax havens, or corporate tax havens, have distorted economic data which produces artificially high, or inflated, GDP-per-capita figures.[8] It is estimated that over 15% of global jurisdictions are tax havens (see tax haven lists).[9] An IMF investigation estimates that circa 40% of global FDI flows, which heavily influence the GDP of various jurisdictions, are described as "phantom" transactions.[10]

A stunning $12 trillion—almost 40 percent of all foreign direct investment positions globally—is completely artificial: it consists of financial investment passing through empty corporate shells with no real activity. These investments in empty corporate shells almost always pass through well-known tax havens. The eight major pass-through economies—the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Hong Kong SAR, the British Virgin Islands, Bermuda, the Cayman Islands, Ireland, and Singapore—host more than 85 percent of the world’s investment in special purpose entities, which are often set up for tax reasons.

"Piercing the Veil", International Monetary Fund, June 2018[10]

In 2017, Ireland's economic data became so distorted by U.S. multinational tax avoidance strategies (see leprechaun economics), also known as BEPS actions, that Ireland effectively abandoned GDP (and GNP) statistics as credible measures of its economy, and created a replacement statistic called Modified gross national income (or GNI*). Ireland is one of the world's largest corporate tax havens.

Ireland has, more or less, stopped using GDP to measure its own economy. And on current trends [because Irish GDP is distorting EU-28 aggregate data], the eurozone taken as a whole may need to consider something similar.

Brad Setser, Council on Foreign Relations, "Ireland exports its Leprechaun", 25 April 2018[11]

The statistical distortions created by the impact on the Irish National Accounts of the global assets and activities of a handful of large multinational corporations have now become so large as to make a mockery of conventional uses of Irish GDP.

Patrick Honohan, ex-Governor of the Central Bank of Ireland, 13 July 2016[12]

A list of the top 15 GDP-per-capita countries from 2016-2017, contains most of the major global tax havens (see GDP-per-capita tax haven proxy for more detail):

International Monetary Fund (2017) World Bank (2016)[5][6]
Rank Country/Territory Type
1 QatarOil & Gas
 MacauTax haven (Sink OFC)
2 LuxembourgTop 10 Tax haven (Sink OFC)
3 SingaporeTop 10 Tax haven (Conduit OFC)
4 BruneiOil & Gas
5 IrelandTop 10 Tax haven (Conduit OFC)
6 NorwayOil & Gas
7 KuwaitOil & Gas
8 United Arab EmiratesOil & Gas
9  SwitzerlandTop 10 Tax Haven (Conduit OFC)
 Hong KongTop 10 Tax Haven (Sink OFC)
10 San MarinoTax haven (Sink OFC)
11 United States59,495
12 Saudi ArabiaOil & Gas
13 NetherlandsTop 10 Tax Haven (Conduit OFC)
14 Iceland52,150
15 BahrainOil & Gas
Rank Country/Territory Type
1 QatarOil & Gas
2 LuxembourgTop 10 Tax haven (Sink OFC)
 MacauTax haven (Sink OFC)
3 SingaporeTop 10 Tax haven (Conduit OFC)
4 BruneiOil & Gas
5 United Arab EmiratesOil & Gas
6 IrelandTop 10 Tax haven (Conduit OFC)
7  SwitzerlandTop 10 Tax haven (Conduit OFC)
8 NorwayOil & Gas
 Hong KongTop 10 Tax haven (Sink OFC)
9 United States57,467
10 Saudi ArabiaOil & Gas
11 Iceland51,399
12 NetherlandsTop 10 Tax haven (Conduit OFC)
13 Austria50,078
14 Denmark49,496
15 Sweden49,175

See also

Notes

  1. Calculated by dividing total world GDP according to IMF by total world population based on 2017 projection published by the United Nations.

References

  1. "World GDP – per capita (PPP) – Economy". www.indexmundi.com.
  2. "Sarkozy attacks focus on economic growth (French president urges more emphasis on quality of life)", The Guardian, 14-09-2009.
  3. "Alternative progress indicators to Gross Domestic Product (GDP) as a means towards sustainable development"
  4. World Economic Outlook Database, January 2018, International Monetary Fund. Database updated on 12 April 2017. Accessed on 21 April 2017.
  5. 1 2 PPP (current international $)", World Development Indicators database, World Bank. Database updated on 1 July 2017. Accessed on 2 July 2017.
  6. 1 2 "World Bank, International Comparison Program database". Retrieved 10 April 2018.
  7. GDP – per capita (PPP), The World Factbook, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on 7 March 2014.
  8. "How tax havens turn economic statistics into nonsense". Quartz. 11 June 2018.
  9. Dharmapala, Dhammika; Hines, James R., Jr. (2009). "Which Countries Become Tax Havens?". Journal of Public Economics. 93 (9–10): 1058–1068. doi:10.1016/j.jpubeco.2009.07.005. The paper implicitly adopts the "smaller" tax haven approach, i.e., disregarding larger countries which have either low taxes rates (for example, Russia), or systems of taxation which permit them to be used to structure tax avoidance schemes (for example, the United Kingdom). It also excludes non-sovereign tax havens (for example, Delaware or Labuan).
  10. 1 2 "Piercing the Veil, FINANCE & DEVELOPMENT, JUNE 2018, VOL. 55, NO. 2". IMF Finance & Development. June 2018.
  11. "Ireland Exports its Leprechaun". Council on Foreign Relations. 11 May 2018.
  12. "The Irish National Accounts: Towards some do's and don'ts". irisheconomy.ie. 13 July 2016.
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