Jeanne Moreau

Jeanne Moreau (French pronunciation: ​; 23 January 1928 – 31 July 2017) was a French actress, singer, screenwriter and director. She won the Cannes Film Festival Award for Best Actress for Seven Days... Seven Nights (1960), the BAFTA Award for Best Foreign Actress for Viva Maria! (1965), and the César Award for Best Actress for The Old Lady Who Walked in the Sea (1992). She was also the recipient of several lifetime awards, including a BAFTA Fellowship in 1996, Cannes Golden Palm in 2003 and César Award in 2008.

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Jeanne Moreau
Moreau in 1958
Born(1928-01-23)23 January 1928
Died31 July 2017(2017-07-31) (aged 89)
Resting placeMontmartre Cemetery, Paris, France
Alma materConservatoire de Paris
OccupationActress, screenwriter, film director
Years active1947–2012
Spouse(s)Jean-Louis Richard (1949–separated 1951; divorced 1964) 1 son Jérôme[1]
William Friedkin (m.1977–1979)

Jeanne Moreau (French pronunciation: [ʒan mɔʁo]; 23 January 1928 31 July 2017) was a French actress, singer, screenwriter and director. She won the Cannes Film Festival Award for Best Actress for Seven Days... Seven Nights (1960), the BAFTA Award for Best Foreign Actress for Viva Maria! (1965), and the César Award for Best Actress for The Old Lady Who Walked in the Sea (1992). She was also the recipient of several lifetime awards, including a BAFTA Fellowship in 1996, Cannes Golden Palm in 2003 and César Award in 2008.

Moreau made her theatrical debut in 1947, and established herself as one of the leading actresses of the Comédie-Française. She began playing small roles in films in 1949, with impressive performances in the Fernandel vehicle Meurtres? (Three Sinners, 1950) and alongside Jean Gabin as a showgirl/gangster's moll in the film Touchez pas au grisbi (1954). She achieved prominence as the star of Elevator to the Gallows (1958), directed by Louis Malle, and Jules et Jim (1962), directed by François Truffaut. Most prolific during the 1960s, Moreau continued to appear in films into her 80s.

Early life and education

Moreau was born in Paris, the daughter of Katherine (née Buckley), a dancer who performed at the Folies Bergère (d. 1990), and Anatole-Désiré Moreau, a restaurateur (d. 1975).[2][3] Moreau's father was French; her mother was English, a native of Oldham, Lancashire, England[4] and of part Irish descent.[3][5][6] Moreau's father was Catholic and her mother, originally a Protestant, converted to Catholicism upon marriage.[3] When a young girl, "the family moved south to Vichy, spending vacations at the paternal ancestral village of Mazirat, a town of 30 houses in a valley in the Allier. "It was wonderful there", Moreau said. "Every tombstone in the cemetery was for a Moreau". During the World War II, the family was split, and Moreau lived with her mother in Paris. Moreau ultimately lost interest in school at age 16, and after attending a performance of Jean Anouilh's Antigone, found her calling as an actor. She later studied at the Conservatoire de Paris. Her parents separated permanently while Moreau was at the conservatory and her mother, "after 24 difficult years in France, returned to England with Jeanne's[1] sister, Michelle."[1]

Career

In 1947, Moreau made her theatrical debut at the Avignon Festival. She debuted at the Comédie-Française in Ivan Turgenev's A Month in the Country[1] and, by her 20s, was already one of leading actresses in the theatre's troupe.[3] After 1949, she began appearing in films with small parts but continued primarily active in the theatre for several years — a year at the Théâtre National Populaire opposite among others Gérard Philipe and Robert Hirsch, then a breakout two years in dual roles in The Dazzling Hour by Anna Bonacci, then Jean Cocteau's La Machine Infernale and others before another two-year run, this time in Shaw's Pygmalion.[1] From the late 1950s, after appearing in several successful films, she began to work with the emerging generation of French film-makers. Elevator to the Gallows (1958) with first-time director Louis Malle was followed by Malle's The Lovers (Les Amants, 1959).[7]

Moreau went on to work with many of the best known New Wave and avant-garde directors.[3] François Truffaut's New Wave film Jules et Jim (1962), her biggest success internationally, is centerd on her magnetic starring role.[3] She also worked with a number of other notable directors such as Michelangelo Antonioni (La notte and Beyond the Clouds), Orson Welles (The Trial, Chimes at Midnight and The Immortal Story), Luis Buñuel (Diary of a Chambermaid), Elia Kazan (The Last Tycoon), Rainer Werner Fassbinder (Querelle), Wim Wenders (Until the End of the World), Carl Foreman (Champion and The Victors), and Manoel de Oliveira (Gebo et l'Ombre).

In 1983, she was head of the jury at the 33rd Berlin International Film Festival.[8] In 2005, she was awarded with the Stanislavsky Award at the 27th Moscow International Film Festival.[9]

Moreau was also a vocalist. She released several albums and once performed with Frank Sinatra at Carnegie Hall in 1984.[3] In addition to acting, Moreau worked behind the camera as a writer, director and producer.[3] Her accomplishments were the subject of the film Calling the Shots (1988) by Janis Cole and Holly Dale.[citation needed]

Personal life

Moreau in 1998

Throughout her life, Moreau maintained friendships with prominent writers such as Jean Cocteau, Jean Genet, Henry Miller and Marguerite Duras, (an interview with Moreau is included in Duras's book Outside: Selected Writings). She formerly was married to Jean-Louis Richard (1949–1964) and then to American film director William Friedkin (1977–1979). Director Tony Richardson left his wife Vanessa Redgrave for her in 1967 but they never married. She also had affairs with directors Louis Malle and François Truffaut, fashion designer Pierre Cardin,[10] jazz trumpeter Miles Davis and Theodoros Roubanis, the Greek actor/playboy.[11]

Moreau was a close friend of Sharon Stone, who presented a 1998 American Academy of Motion Pictures life tribute to Moreau at the Samuel Goldwyn Theater, academy headquarters in Beverly Hills. Orson Welles called her "the greatest actress in the world",[12][4][13] and she remained one of France's most accomplished actresses.

Selected filmography

Actress

Year Title Role Director
1950 Meurtres ? [fr] Martine Annequin Richard Pottier
1952 The Man in My Life Suzanne Dubreuil Guy Lefranc
1953 Dortoir des grandes Julie Henri Decoin
Julietta Rosie Facibey Marc Allégret
1954 Touchez pas au grisbi Josy Jacques Becker
Les Intrigantes Mona Rémi Henri Decoin
La Reine Margot Margaret of Valois Jean Dréville
1958 Ascenseur pour l'échafaud Florence Carala Louis Malle
The Lovers (Les amants) Jeanne Tournier
1959 Les liaisons dangereuses Juliette de Merteuil Roger Vadim
The 400 Blows (cameo appearance) François Truffaut
1960 Dialogue with the Carmelites Mère Marie de l'Incarnation Philippe Agostini
Moderato Cantabile Anne Desbarèdes Peter Brook
1961 A Woman Is a Woman (uncredited cameo, discussing Jules et Jim) Jean-Luc Godard
La Notte Lidia Michelangelo Antonioni
1962 The Trial Miss Burstner Orson Welles
Jules et Jim Catherine François Truffaut
Eva Eva Olivier Joseph Losey
1963 Banana Peel (Peau de banane) Cathy Marcel Ophüls
The Victors the French lady Carl Foreman
The Fire Within (Le feu follet) Eva Louis Malle
Bay of Angels Jacqueline "Jackie" Demaistre Jacques Demy
1964 Diary of a Chambermaid Célestine Luis Buñuel
The Train Christine John Frankenheimer
The Yellow Rolls-Royce Eloise, Marchioness of Frinton Anthony Asquith
Mata Hari, Agent H21 Mata Hari Jean-Louis Richard
1965 Viva Maria! Maria I Louis Malle
Chimes at Midnight Doll Tearsheet Orson Welles
1966 Mademoiselle "Mademoiselle" Tony Richardson
1967 The Oldest Profession (episode "Mademoiselle Mimi") Mimi Guillotine Philippe de Broca
The Sailor from Gibraltar Anna Tony Richardson
1968 The Immortal Story Virginie Ducrot Orson Welles
Great Catherine Catherine Gordon Flemyng
The Bride Wore Black Julie Kohler François Truffaut
1970 The Little Theatre of Jean Renoir the singer Jean Renoir
Monte Walsh Martine Bernard William A. Fraker
Alex in Wonderland as herself Paul Mazursky
1972 Chère Louise Louise Philippe de Broca
Nathalie Granger "the other woman" Marguerite Duras
1974 Les Valseuses Jeanne Pirolle Bertrand Blier
1975 Joanna Francesa Joanna Cacá Diegues
Hu-man Sylvana Jérôme Laperrousaz
1976 The Last Tycoon Didi Elia Kazan
Monsieur Klein Florence Joseph Losey
1982 Querelle Lysiane Rainer Werner Fassbinder
La Truite Lou Joseph Losey
1986 Le Tiroir secret (TV miniseries) Vivi (different directors)
1987 The Miracle Sabine Jean-Pierre Mocky
1990 Nikita Amande Luc Besson
Alberto Express the Baroness Arthur Joffé
1991 Anna Karamazoff the Lady Rustam Khamdamov
To meteoro vima tou pelargou the Lady Theo Angelopoulos
The Old Lady Who Walked in the Sea Lady M Laurent Heynemann
Until the End of the World Edith Farber Wim Wenders
1992 The Absence the writer's wife Peter Handke
1993 A Foreign Field Angelique Charles Sturridge
Catherine the Great Empress Elizabeth Petrovna Marvin J. Chomsky
Map of the Human Heart Sister Banville Vincent Ward
The Summer House Lili Waris Hussein
1995 Beyond the Clouds a Lady Michelangelo Antonioni and Wim Wenders
1996 The Proprietor Adrienne Mark Ismail Merchant
I Love You, I Love You Not Nana Billy Hopkins
1997 Witch Way Love Eglantine René Manzor
1998 Ever After Grande Dame Andy Tennant
1999 Balzac [fr] Charlotte-Laure de Balzac Josée Dayan
2000 Les Misérables Mere Innocente Josée Dayan
2001 Cet amour-là [fr] Marguerite Duras Josée Dayan
2003 Love Actually Lady at Marseilles Airport (cameo) Richard Curtis
Les Parents terribles [fr] Tante Leo Josée Dayan
2005 Time to Leave Laura François Ozon
Les Rois maudits [fr] (TV miniseries) Mahaut, Countess of Artois Josée Dayan
2006 Roméo et Juliette Laurence Yves Desgagnés
2007 Désengagement Françoise Amos Gitai
2009 Face Jeanne Ming-liang Tsai
2012 Gebo et l'Ombre Candidinha Manoel de Oliveira
2012 Une estonienne à Paris [fr] Frida Ilmar Raag

Director

Awards and nominations

Films

YearGroupAwardFilmResult
2008César AwardsHonorary CésarLifetime achievementWon
2005Moscow International Film FestivalStanislavsky PrizeLifetime achievementWon
2003Cannes Film FestivalHonorary Golden PalmLifetime achievementWon
2003Taormina International Film FestivalTaormina Arte AwardLifetime achievementWon
2001Pusan International Film FestivalHand Printing (tribute)Lifetime achievementWon
2000Berlin International Film FestivalHonorary Golden Berlin BearLifetime achievementWon
1999Hamptons International Film FestivalDistinguished Achievement AwardLifetime achievementWon
1999Créteil International Women's Film FestivalHomageLifetime achievementWon
1998Academy of Motion Picture Arts and SciencesTributeLifetime achievementWon
1997European Film AwardsLife Achievement AwardLifetime achievementWon
1997San Sebastián International Film FestivalDonostia Lifetime Achievement AwardLifetime achievementWon
1996BAFTA AwardsAcademy FellowshipLifetime achievementWon
1995César AwardsHonorary CésarLifetime achievementWon
1994Women in Film Crystal AwardInternational AwardLifetime achievementWon
1992Venice Film FestivalCareer Golden LionLifetime achievementWon
1992César AwardsBest ActressThe Old Lady Who Walked in the SeaWon
1988César AwardsBest ActressLe MiraculéNominated
1987César AwardsBest Supporting ActressLe PaltoquetNominated
1984Razzie AwardsGolden Raspberry Award for Worst Original SongQuerelle – song: "Young and Joyful Bandit"Nominated
1979Berlin International Film FestivalGolden Berlin BearL'adolescenteNominated
1979Chicago International Film FestivalGold HugoL'adolescente Nominated
1976Chicago International Film FestivalGold HugoLumière Nominated
1976Taormina International Film FestivalGolden CharybdisLumière Nominated
1967BAFTA AwardsBest Foreign ActressViva Maria!Won
1964Karlovy Vary International Film FestivalBest ActressDiary of a ChambermaidWon
1963BAFTA AwardsBest Foreign ActressJules et Jim Nominated
1962Jussi AwardsDiploma of Merit – Foreign ActressLa notteWon
1961Fotogramas de PlataBest Foreign PerformerLe dialogue des Carmélites Won
1960Cannes Film FestivalBest ActressModerato cantabileWon
1958Venice Film FestivalBest ActressLes amantsWon

Theater

YearGroupAwardPlayResult
1988Molière AwardsBest ActressLe Récit de la servante ZerlineWon

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 Farrell, Barry, "Actresses: Making the Most of Love", Time cover story pp. 4–5, 5 March 1965. Retrieved 22 December 2010.
  2. "Jeanne Moreau Biography (1928-)". Filmreference.com.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Stated in interview at Inside the Actors Studio
  4. 1 2 "Jeanne Moreau: French screen icon and star of Jules et Jim, dies at 89". BBC. 31 July 2017. Retrieved 31 July 2017.
  5. Famous French people of immigrant origin, Eupedia: France Guide
  6. "Jeanne Moreau Biography". Yahoo! Movies. Archived from the original on 22 May 2011.
  7. Chapman, Peter (31 July 2017). "Jeanne Moreau, actress, 1928-2017". Financial Times. Retrieved 31 July 2017.
  8. "Berlinale: 1983 Juries". berlinale.de. Retrieved 14 November 2010.
  9. "27th Moscow International Film Festival (2005)". MIFF. Archived from the original on 3 April 2013. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
  10. "Jeanne Moreau : bio de Jeanne Moreau". Gala.fr (in French). Archived from the original on 5 February 2009. Retrieved 17 March 2013.
  11. Roubanis was previously the companion of Henry Plumer McIlhenny. The relationship with McIlhenny was cited in Welsh and Tibbett's The Cinema of Tony Richardson (SUNY Press, 1999). Roubanis later married Lady Sarah Churchill. Lady Sarah Spencer-Churchill obituary, The Telegraph, 19 October 2000.
  12. "People | Jeanne Moreau". Salon. Archived from the original on 24 May 2007.
  13. Gates, Anita (31 July 2017). "Jeanne Moreau, Femme Fatale of French New Wave, Is Dead at 89". The New York Times. Retrieved 31 July 2017.
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