Comparison Of Web Browsers

The following tables compare general and technical information for a number of web browsers. Basic general information about the browsers: creator, company, license, price, etc. Browsers listed on a light purple background are discontinued. 73.0.3800.0 (April 3, 2019; 1 day ago (2019-04-03)) 72.0.3750.0 (March 8, 2019; 27 days ago (2019-03-08)) 72.0.3750.0 = (March 9, 2019; 26 days ago (2019-03-09)) 61.0.3200.0 (October 8, 2017; 17 months ago (2017-10-08)) 19.3.1.887 (April 1, 2019; 3 days ago (2019-04-01))

Comments

Explanation

[You can read the original article here], Licensed under CC-BY-SA.

Usage share of web browsers according to StatCounter

The following tables compare general and technical information for a number of web browsers.

General information

Basic general information about the browsers: creator, company, license, price, etc. Browsers listed on a light purple background are discontinued.

Browser Creator Cost (USD) Software license Current layout engine Latest release version
Amaya (discontinued) W3C, INRIA Free W3C custom 11.4.4 (January 18, 2012; 7 years ago (2012-01-18)) [±]
AOL Explorer (discontinued) America Online, Inc Free Proprietary Trident 1.5 (May 10, 2006; 12 years ago (2006-05-10)) [±]
Arora (discontinued) Benjamin C. Meyer Free GPL WebKit 0.11.0[1] (27 September 2010; 8 years ago (2010-09-27)) [±]
Avant Avant Force Free Proprietary Trident, Gecko, Blink 2018 build 7 (September 19, 2018; 6 months ago (2018-09-19)[2]) [±]
Basilisk Moonchild Productions Free MPL 2.0 Goanna 2019.03.27 (27 March 2019; 8 days ago (2019-03-27)[3]) [±]
Blisk Blisk team Free (Limited),
Paid (Unlimited Pro)
Proprietary Blink, V8 11.0.157.186 (March 27, 2019; 8 days ago (2019-03-27)[4]) [±]
Brave Brave Software Inc. Free MPL 2.0 Blink
Android1.0.89 / April 1, 2019; 3 days ago (2019-04-01)[5]
iOS1.9.1 / April 2, 2019; 2 days ago (2019-04-02)[6]
macOS, Windows, Linux0.62.49 / March 31, 2019; 4 days ago (2019-03-31)[7]
Camino (discontinued) The Camino Project Free MPL 1.1/GPL 2.0/LGPL 2.1 tri-license Gecko 2.1.2 (14 March 2012; 7 years ago[8])
Cliqz Cliqz GmbH Free MPL 2.0 Gecko, 1.25.2 (20 February 2019; 43 days ago (2019-02-20)[9]) [±]
Chrome Google Free (some closed-source features), BSD (Chromium executable) [note 1] Blink
Windows, macOS, Linux73.0.3683.86 / March 20, 2019; 15 days ago (2019-03-20)[10]
Android73.0.3683.90 / March 25, 2019; 10 days ago (2019-03-25)[11]
iOS73.0.3683.68 / March 12, 2019; 23 days ago (2019-03-12)[12]
Chromium The Chromium Project Free BSD Blink (built nightly)
Comodo Dragon Comodo Free Proprietary Blink 73.0.3683.75 (April 2, 2019; 2 days ago (2019-04-02)[13]) [±]
Dillo The Dillo team Free GPL custom 3.0.5[14] (30 June 2015; 3 years ago (2015-06-30)) [±]
Dooble Dooble Team Free BSD Blink 2019.02.15 (February 15, 2019; 48 days ago (2019-02-15)[15]) [±]
ELinks Baudis, Fonseca, et al. Free GPL custom, fork of Links 0.11.7[16] (22 August 2009; 9 years ago (2009-08-22)) [±]
Falkon David Rosca Free GNU GPLv3 Blink 3.1.0.75 (March 22, 2019; 13 days ago (2019-03-22)[17]) [±]
Flock (discontinued) Flock Inc Free Proprietary (as of 3.0) WebKit 3.5.3.4641 (February 1, 2011; 8 years ago (2011-02-01)) [±]
Galeon (discontinued) Marco Pesenti Gritti Free GPL Gecko 2.0.7 (27 September 2008; 10 years ago[18])
GNU IceCat GNU Free MPL 2.0 Gecko 60.3.0 (9 November 2018; 4 months ago (2018-11-09)[19]) [±]
iCab Alexander Clauss Free,
$20 (Pro)
Proprietary (browser), LGPL (WebKit) WebKit 5.8.6 (September 28, 2018; 6 months ago (2018-09-28)[20]) [±]
Internet Explorer Microsoft,
Spyglass
Included with Windows Proprietary Trident 11.0.115 (March 12, 2019; 23 days ago (2019-03-12)[21]) [±]
Internet Explorer for Mac (discontinued) Microsoft Free Proprietary Tasman 5.2.3 (discontinued in 2003)
K-Meleon Dorian, KKO, et al. Free GPL Gecko 75.1 (September 19, 2015; 3 years ago (2015-09-19)[22]) [±]
Konqueror KDE Free GPL KHTML, WebKit 18.12.3 (7 March 2019; 28 days ago (2019-03-07)[23]) [±]
Links Patocka, et al. Free GPL custom 2.18[24][25] (16 January 2019; 2 months ago (2019-01-16)) [±]
Lunascape Lunascape Corporation Free Proprietary Trident, Gecko, Blink 6.15.2 (February 25, 2018; 13 months ago (2018-02-25)[26]) [±]
Lynx Montulli, Grobe, Rezac, et al. Free GPL custom, fork of libwww 2.8.9rel.1[27][28] (8 July 2018; 8 months ago (2018-07-08)) [±]
Maxthon Maxthon International Limited Free Proprietary Blink, Trident
Windows5.2.7.2000 / March 15, 2019; 20 days ago (2019-03-15)[29]
Android5.2.3.3241 / January 25, 2019; 2 months ago (2019-01-25)[30]
Mac5.1.60 / August 27, 2018; 7 months ago (2018-08-27)[31]
iOS5.2.20 / January 22, 2019; 2 months ago (2019-01-22)[32]
Windows Phone2.2.0 / March 30, 2017; 2 years ago (2017-03-30)[33]
Linux1.0.5.3 / September 9, 2014; 4 years ago (2014-09-09)[34]
Microsoft Edge Microsoft Included with Windows Proprietary Blink
Windows 1044.17763.1.0 / October 2, 2018; 5 months ago (2018-10-02)[35]
Windows 10 Mobile40.15254.369 / April 10, 2018; 11 months ago (2018-04-10)
Xbox One40.15063.0 / March 29, 2017; 2 years ago (2017-03-29)[36]
Android42.0.2.3363 / March 25, 2019; 10 days ago (2019-03-25)[37]
iOS44.1.2 / March 25, 2019; 10 days ago (2019-03-25)[38]
Midori Christian Dywan, et al. Free LGPL WebKit 7.0 (November 30, 2018; 4 months ago (2018-11-30)[39]) [±]
Mosaic (discontinued) Marc Andreessen and Eric Bina, NCSA Free for non-commercial use Proprietary custom 3.0 (discontinued in 1997)
Mozilla Application Suite (discontinued) Mozilla Foundation Free MPL 1.1/GPL 2.0/LGPL 2.1 tri-license Gecko 1.7.13 (21 April 2006; 12 years ago[40])
Mozilla Firefox Mozilla Foundation Free MPL 2.0 Quantum
Standard66.0.2 / March 27, 2019; 8 days ago (2019-03-27)[41]
Extended Support Release60.6.1 / March 22, 2019; 13 days ago (2019-03-22)[42]
Netscape (v.6–7) (discontinued) Netscape Communications Corporation, AOL Free Proprietary (browser), MPL 1.1/GPL 2.0/LGPL 2.1 (Gecko) Gecko 7.2 (discontinued in 2004)
Netscape Browser (v.8)[note 2] (discontinued) Mercurial Communications for AOL Free Proprietary (browser & Trident),
MPL 1.1/GPL 2.0/LGPL 2.1 (Gecko)
Gecko, Trident 8.1.3 (April 2, 2007; 12 years ago (2007-04-02)) [±]
Netscape Communicator (v.4)[note 2] (discontinued) Netscape Communications Free Proprietary custom, fork of Mosaic 4.8 (August 22, 2002; 16 years ago (2002-08-22)) [±]
Netscape Navigator (v.1–4)[note 2] (discontinued) Netscape Communications Free Proprietary custom, fork of Mosaic 4.0.8 (discontinued in 1998)
Netscape Navigator 9[note 2] (discontinued) Netscape Communications
(division of AOL)
Free Proprietary (browser), MPL 1.1/GPL 2.0/LGPL 2.1 (Gecko) Gecko 9.0.0.6 (February 20, 2008; 11 years ago (2008-02-20)) [±]
NetSurf The NetSurf Developers Free GPL custom 3.8[43] (29 August 2018; 7 months ago (2018-08-29)) [±]
OmniWeb The Omni Group Free Proprietary (browser), LGPL (WebKit) WebKit 5.11.2 (July 23, 2012; 6 years ago (2012-07-23)) [±]
Opera Opera Software Free Proprietary Blink 58.0.3135.127 (March 28, 2019; 7 days ago (2019-03-28)[44])
Opera Mobile Opera Software Free Proprietary Blink
Android50.3.2426.136976 / March 7, 2019; 28 days ago (2019-03-07)[45]
Android (classic)12.1.9 / June 8, 2016; 2 years ago (2016-06-08)[46]
Symbian S6012.0.22 / June 24, 2012; 6 years ago (2012-06-24)[47]
Windows Mobile10.0 / March 16, 2010; 9 years ago (2010-03-16)[48]
Origyn Web Browser (discontinued) Sand-labs Free BSD WebKit 1.25 (AROS only)[49]
1.23r4 (AmigaOS 4 only)[50]
1.24 (15 April 2014; 4 years ago (2014-04-15)[51]) [±]
Pale Moon Moonchild Productions Free MPL 2.0 Goanna 28.4.1 (27 March 2019; 8 days ago (2019-03-27)[52]) [±]
Polarity Stanley Lim Free Proprietary (browser & Trident), BSD(Cef) Blink, Trident 9.3.6 (April 7, 2018; 11 months ago (2018-04-07)[53]) [±]
rekonq (discontinued) Andrea Diamantini Free GNU GPLv3 WebKit 2.4.2[54][55] (12 January 2014; 5 years ago (2014-01-12)) [±]
Roccat Browser Runecats Free Proprietary (browser), LGPL (WebKit) WebKit 8.3 (October 15, 2018; 5 months ago (2018-10-15)[56]) [±]
Safari Apple Inc. Included with macOS and iOS Proprietary (browser), LGPL (WebKit) WebKit
macOS12.1 / March 25, 2019; 10 days ago (2019-03-25)[57]
iOS12.1 / March 25, 2019; 10 days ago (2019-03-25)[58]
SeaMonkey SeaMonkey Council Free MPL 2.0 Gecko 2.49.4 (July 27, 2018; 8 months ago (2018-07-27)[59]) [±]
Shiira (discontinued) Happy Macintosh Developing Team Free BSD WebKit 2.3 (August 11, 2009; 9 years ago (2009-08-11)) [±]
Sleipnir Fenrir Inc. Free Proprietary Blink, Trident 6.3.5.4000 (March 14, 2019; 21 days ago (2019-03-14)[60]) [±]
SRWare Iron SRWare Free Proprietary Blink
Windows

73.0.3800.0 (April 3, 2019; 1 day ago (2019-04-03)[61]) [±]

macOS

72.0.3750.0 (March 8, 2019; 27 days ago (2019-03-08)[62]) [±]

Linux

72.0.3750.0 = (March 9, 2019; 26 days ago (2019-03-09)[63]) [±]

Android

61.0.3200.0 (October 8, 2017; 17 months ago (2017-10-08)[64]) [±]

surf suckless.org Free MIT Webkit 2.0 (28 March 2017; 2 years ago (2017-03-28)[65]) [±]
Torch Browser Torch Media Free Proprietary Blink 65.0.0.1617 (March 18, 2019; 17 days ago (2019-03-18)[66]) [±]
Uzbl (discontinued) Dieter Plaetinck Free GNU GPLv3 WebKit 0.9.1 (October 27, 2016; 2 years ago (2016-10-27)[67]) [±]
Vivaldi Vivaldi Technologies Free Proprietary Blink 2.4.1488.35 (April 3, 2019; 1 day ago (2019-04-03)[68]) [±]
Waterfox Alex Kontos Free MPL 2.0 Gecko
Desktop56.2.8 / 14 March 2019; 21 days ago (2019-03-14)[69]
Android60.1.0 / 18 August 2018; 7 months ago (2018-08-18)[70]


Web (formerly named Epiphany) Marco Pesenti Gritti Free GPL WebKit 3.32[71] (13 March 2019; 22 days ago (2019-03-13)) [±]
WorldWideWeb (Later renamed Nexus) (discontinued) Tim Berners-Lee Free Public domain custom 0.18 (January 14, 1994; 25 years ago (1994-01-14)) [±]
w3m Akinori Ito Free MIT custom
Original version0.5.3 / 15 January 2011; 8 years ago (2011-01-15)[72]
Tatsuya Kinoshita versionv0.5.3+git20190105 / 5 January 2019; 2 months ago (2019-01-05)[73]
Yandex Browser Yandex Free Proprietary Blink
Windows

19.3.1.887 (April 1, 2019; 3 days ago (2019-04-01)[74])

iOS

19.3.3.157 (March 28, 2019; 7 days ago (2019-03-28)[75])

Android

19.1.2.337 (February 19, 2019; 44 days ago (2019-02-19)[76]) [±]

Browser Creator Cost (USD) Software license Current layout engine Latest release version
Usage share of web browsers on Wikimedia in September 2012
  1. Chromium, on which Google Chrome is based, is open source; the features Google adds to Chrome (such as H.264 and ACC decoding, built-in Adobe Flash, and an auto-updater system, among other things) are closed-source. See Chromium (web browser) § Differences from Google Chrome and Google Chrome's Terms of Service for more info.
  2. 1 2 3 4 There are five different products which all carry the name Netscape: Netscape versions 1 to 4, properly called Netscape Navigator, was a browser based on the original Netscape engine. Netscape 4 also was available as an Internet suite, properly called Netscape Communicator. Netscape 6 and 7 was a new Internet suite based on the Gecko engine and the Mozilla Application Suite user interface. Netscape 8, properly called Netscape Browser, was a distinct browser based on Firefox that could use either the Gecko (Firefox) or Trident (Internet Explorer) engine. Netscape resumed use of the Navigator name from Netscape Navigator 9.0 beta 1. See Netscape for more info.

Operating system support

Browsers are compiled to run on certain operating systems, without emulation.

This list is not exhaustive, but rather reflects the most common OSes today (e.g. Netscape Navigator was also developed for OS/2 at a time when macOS 10 did not exist) but does not include the growing appliance segment (for example, the Opera web browser has gained a leading role for use in mobile phones, smartphones, the Nintendo DS and Wii, and Personal Digital Assistants, and is also used in some smart TVs). Both the web browser and OS means most recent version, example: Windows 8 with Internet Explorer 10.

Browser Windows macOS Linux BSD Android iOS Other Unix
Amaya Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes
AOL Explorer Yes No No No No No No
Arora Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes
Avant Yes No No No No No No
Basilisk Yes Yes[77] Yes No No No No
Brave Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes No
Camino No Yes No No No No No
Cliqz Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes No
Chrome Yes Yes[note 1] Yes No Yes Yes No
Chromium Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No
Dillo Partial Yes Yes[note 2] Yes No No Yes
Dooble Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes
ELinks No Yes Yes Yes No No Yes
Falkon Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes
Flock Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No
Galeon No Yes Yes Yes No No Yes
iCab No Yes No No No Yes No
GNU IceCat No No Yes No Yes No No
Internet Explorer Included Dropped (5.2) No No No No Dropped (5.0)[note 3]
K-Meleon Yes No No No No No No
Konqueror Partial Yes Yes Yes No No Yes
Links Partial Yes Yes Yes No No Yes
Lunascape Yes No No No Yes Yes No
Lynx Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes
Maxthon Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes No
Microsoft Edge Win 10 or higher No No No Yes Yes No
Midori Yes No Yes Yes No No Yes
Mozilla Firefox Yes Yes Yes[note 4] Yes Yes Yes Yes
Mozilla Firefox ESR Yes Yes Yes[note 4] No[78] No[78] No[78] No[78]
NetSurf Beta Yes Yes Yes No No Yes
OmniWeb No Yes No No No No No
Opera Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes[note 5] Yes
Pale Moon Yes Yes[79] Yes No Dropped No No
Polarity Yes No No No Yes[80] No No
Rekonq Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes
Safari Dropped (5.1.7) Included No No No Included No
Safe Browser Secure No No No No No Yes No
SeaMonkey Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes
Shiira No Yes No No No No No
Sleipnir Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No
SRWare Iron Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes
surf Partial No Yes Yes No No Yes
Torch Browser Yes Yes No No No No No
Vivaldi Yes Yes Yes No No No No
Web No Yes Yes Yes No No Yes
WorldWideWeb (NeXTSTEP only) No No No No No No No
w3m Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes
Browser Windows macOS Linux BSD Android iOS Other Unix
  1. Google Chrome is not available for PowerPC.
  2. Dillo is included in some Linux distributions, i.e. Damn Small Linux and Feather Linux.
  3. Internet Explorer for UNIX was available for Solaris and HP-UX.
  4. 1 2 Most Linux distributions which include a graphical user interface include a version of Firefox or a rebranded version of Firefox such as GNU IceCat.
  5. Opera Mini and Coast are available for iOS

Browser features

Information about what common browser features are implemented natively (without third-party add-ons).

Browser Bookmark management Download management Password managing[note 1] Form managing Spell checking Search engine toolbar Per-site security configuration Privacy mode Auto-updater
Amaya No No Yes No Yes No ? No No
AOL Explorer Yes No No Yes No Yes ? No ?
Arora Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes ? Yes No
Avant Yes Yes Yes Yes No [note 2] Yes ? No ?
Basilisk Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Brave Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Camino Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ? No Yes
Cliqz Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Chrome Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial Not available on mobile[81] Yes [note 3] Yes
Chromium Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial[note 4] Partial Not available on mobile[81] Yes Yes
Dillo Partial No No No No Partial ? No No
Dooble Yes Yes Yes No No Yes ? Yes ?
ELinks Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Falkon Yes Yes Yes Yes [note 5] Yes Yes No Yes Notification only
Flock Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial [note 6] No Yes
Galeon Yes Yes Yes No No Yes ? No No
iCab Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes ? No ?
Internet Explorer Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes [note 7] Yes Yes Yes [note 8] Yes [note 9]
Internet Explorer for Mac Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ? No ?
K-Meleon Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes [note 10] Yes [note 10] ?
Konqueror Yes Yes [note 11] Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes [note 12] No No
Links Yes Yes No No No No ? No No
Lunascape Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial[82] Yes Partial[82] Partial[82] Yes[83]
Lynx Yes Yes No No No [note 13] No Yes No No
Maxthon Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Microsoft Edge Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial[note 4] No Yes Yes [note 9]
Midori Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No Yes No
Mosaic Yes No No No No No ? No No
Mozilla Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes
Mozilla Firefox Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes [note 14] Yes
Netscape Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ? No No
Netscape Browser Yes Yes Yes Yes ? Yes ? No Yes
Netscape Navigator Yes No No No No No ? No No
Netscape Navigator 9 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ? No Yes
NetSurf Yes Yes No No No Yes No No No
OmniWeb Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial [note 15] No Yes
Opera Yes [note 16] Yes Yes Yes [note 17] Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Pale Moon Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Polarity Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes ? Yes Notification only
Rekonq Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial Yes No
Safari Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Safe Browser Secure Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No Yes No
SeaMonkey Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial [note 6] Yes Yes
Shiira Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ? Yes ?
Sleipnir Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Notification only
SRWare Iron Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No
surf No[note 18] No[note 19] No No No No[note 18] Yes/No[note 20] Yes/No[note 20] No
Torch Browser Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Vivaldi Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Web Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial[note 4] No Yes No
WorldWideWeb Yes No No No Yes No ? No No
w3m Yes No No No No No ? No No
Browser Bookmark management Download management Password managing [note 1] Form managing Spell checking Search engine toolbar Per-site security configuration Privacy mode Auto-updater
  1. 1 2 In many integrated password saving tools there are often leaks that make them unsafe.[85]
  2. Spell checking can be added by installing an add-on like ieSpell.
  3. Starting with version 4, Google Chrome can disable Cookies, Images, JavaScript, Plugins, Popups, and Geolocation individually.
  4. 1 2 3 Lacks search toolbar, but search URL autocompletion provided via addressbar.
  5. Available as a PIM plugin which is disabled by default, but it is part of default installation.
  6. 1 2 Mozilla based browsers like Firefox, SeaMonkey and Flock can handle per-site settings for cookies, pop-ups, add-on installs and images. For more settings, an add-on is needed ~ for example, NoScript.
  7. Internet Explorer 10 supports spell checking.
  8. Internet Explorer 8 supports InPrivate Browsing.
  9. 1 2 There is no online update facility built into IE, but it gets updated by Windows Update when enabled. As of Version 10 automatic silent update is the default setting in Internet Explorer. In Microsoft Edge, the option to disable automatic updates via the about dialog is not included.
  10. 1 2 Through the Privacy toolbar, K-Meleon Versions 1.5 and 1.6, can individually disable Cookies, Images, JavaScript, Popups, and Plugins (e.g. Flash and Java).
  11. For the download manager kdenetwork needs to be installed.
  12. Konqueror can handle per-site settings for cookies, pop-ups, JavaScript, Java and NPAPI modules (e.g. Flash).
  13. Lynx is able to edit text with an external editor, which can provide spell checking.
  14. Firefox 3.5 adds the Privacy mode. Older versions of Firefox can use the Stealther extension.
  15. OmniWeb supports per-domain settings of options including support for disabling scripting, ad blocking, java and cookies. These settings only work on top level domains.[84]
  16. Opera versions before 15 had bookmarks. Newer Opera versions use a different concept called "Stash" instead.
  17. Opera can auto-complete forms with your personal information and website usernames. Also there is extension AutoComplete Archived 25 July 2014 at the Wayback Machine which can complete forms with form history.
  18. 1 2 Developers distribute patch enabling this functionality.
  19. This functionality is handled via third-party software by browser's design.
  20. 1 2 This browser allows choosing a custom cookie jar, making cookies from other sessions unavailable to new session.

Accessibility features

Information about what common accessibility features are implemented natively (without third-party add-ons). Browsers that do not support pop-ups have no need for pop-up blocking abilities, so that field is marked as N/A.

Browser Tabbed browsing Pop-up blocking [note 1] Auto-play blocking Incremental search Ad filtering Page zooming [note 2] Full text search of history Content-modal dialogs[note 3] Canvas fingerprinting protection
Amaya Yes N/A No No No Yes No ?
AOL Explorer Yes Yes No No No Yes No ?
Arora Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No No
Avant Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No ?
Basilisk Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Brave Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes No ?
Camino Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No ?
Cliqz Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes ?
Chrome Yes Partial [note 4] 66+[86] Yes No [note 5] Yes No [note 6] Yes[note 7]
Chromium Yes Yes 66+[86] Yes No Yes ? Yes
Dillo Yes N/A No No No No No No
Dooble Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes ?
ELinks Yes N/A No Yes N/A N/A No No[note 8]
Falkon Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Optional [note 9]
Flock Yes Yes No Yes Yes No No ?
Galeon Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No No
iCab Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No ?
Internet Explorer Yes [note 10] Yes [note 11] No Yes Yes Yes Yes [note 12] [87] No
Internet Explorer for Mac No No No No No No No N/A
K-Meleon Yes Yes No Yes No [note 13] Partial No ?
Konqueror Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No No
Links No Yes No Yes Yes No No No[note 8]
Lunascape Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Partial ?
Lynx No N/A No No N/A N/A No No[note 8]
Maxthon Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No ?
Microsoft Edge Yes Yes No Yes No [note 5] Yes No No
Midori Yes No No Yes Yes Yes No ?
Mosaic No N/A No No No No No ?
Mozilla Yes Yes No Yes Yes [note 13] Yes No No
Mozilla Firefox Yes Yes No Yes Yes [note 13] Yes No Yes[note 14] Yes (warning)
Netscape Yes Yes No Yes No [note 13] No No No
Netscape Browser Yes Yes No Yes No [note 13] No No No
Netscape Navigator No No No No No No No No
Netscape Navigator 9 Yes Yes No Yes No [note 13] No No No
NetSurf Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No ?
OmniWeb Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No ?
Opera Yes Yes No Yes Yes [note 15] Yes Yes Yes
Pale Moon Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Polarity Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Partial ?
Rekonq Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes ?
Safari Yes Yes [note 16] Yes[88][89] Yes No [note 17] Yes [note 18] Yes (only Mac) [note 19] Yes
Safe Browser Secure Yes Yes No No Yes Yes Yes Yes
SeaMonkey Yes Yes No Yes Yes [note 13] Yes [90] No No
Shiira Yes Yes No No No Yes No ?
Sleipnir Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No ?
SRWare Iron Yes Yes No No No Yes Yes ?
surf No[note 20] No No Yes No[note 20] Yes No[note 20] No
Torch Browser Yes ? No Yes No Yes ? ?
Web Yes Yes No Yes Yes [note 21] Yes Yes Partial
WorldWideWeb No N/A No No No No No N/A
w3m Yes N/A No Yes No No No N/A
Browser Tabbed browsing Pop-up blocking [note 1] Auto-play blocking Incremental search Ad filtering Page zooming [note 2] Full text search of history Content-modal dialogs[note 3] Canvas fingerprinting protection
  1. 1 2 A more complete list of Pop-Up blockers and addons / programs are in the following article List of pop-up blocking software.
  2. 1 2 Page zooming is different from text resizing, as it resizes not only characters, but also multimedia objects and web page layout
  3. 1 2 "Mozilla Developer Network - Using tab-modal prompts". Developer.mozilla.org. 3 February 2011. Retrieved 23 May 2012.
  4. The option "Do not allow any site to show pop-ups" in Google Chrome, which is the default, actually allows sites to show pop-ups which are not considered harmful.
  5. 1 2 Ad filter support can be added by installing an extension such as AdSweep, AdThwart or Adblock Plus.
  6. Feature was intentionally removed via regular patch update, due to poor impact on performance.
  7. "Chromium Issue 456: Javascript alerts are modal to Chrome UI, not to individual tab". Code.google.com. 3 September 2008. Retrieved 23 May 2012.
  8. 1 2 3 Although text browsers don't have dialog windows, their prompts behave as modal dialogs – block the input until answer is received.
  9. Requires building with "NONBLOCK_JS_DIALOGS" compile flag enabled; may cause crashes: https://github.com/QupZilla/qupzilla/blob/master/BUILDING%5B%5D.
  10. IE6 had no tabbed browsing support.
  11. IE6 included pop-up blocking with Windows XP Service Pack 2
  12. Full-text history search is available through a Windows Search iFilter[87]
  13. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Most Gecko browsers have options to block chosen images and cookies. Extended Ad filter support can be added by installing an extension such as Adblock Plus.
  14. "Bug 59314 - JavaScript alerts should be content-modal, not window-modal". Bugzilla.mozilla.org. Retrieved 23 May 2012.
  15. Opera 9 introduced a content blocker for webpages (Archived 9 February 2006 at the Wayback Machine). Earlier releases support wildcard protocol/domain/path and filetype blocking using a filter.ini file. ("Opera browser: Blocking unwanted ads and other cr*p using URL filtering". Archived from the original on 12 January 2013. Retrieved 12 April 2017.) More advanced Ad filtering for Opera can also be done with external software.
  16. Does not allow selective blocking of pop-ups. Safari can only block all pop-ups, or none.
  17. Ad filter support can be added by installing extensions.Archived 1 July 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  18. Page zooming supported in the iPhone version of Safari. Screen zooming is built into macOS.
  19. Full-text history search is available through Spotlight, a feature of the macOS operating system.
  20. 1 2 3 This functionality is handled by third-party software by browser's design.
  21. Epiphany supports AdBlock as an official extension, in the epiphany-extensions package.

Accessibility features (continued)

Information about what common accessibility features are implemented natively (without third-party add-ons).

Browser Access keys Tabbing navigation Spatial navigation Caret navigation Smart Bookmarks Mouse gesture Text-to-speech Voice control Tab Stacking Can disable font smoothing[note 1]
Amaya Yes Yes ? Yes No No No No
AOL Explorer Yes Yes No No No No No No
Arora Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No
Avant Yes Yes No No Yes No No No
Basilisk Yes Yes No Yes Yes No No Yes No
Camino Yes Yes No Yes No [note 2] No [note 3] No No
Chrome Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No [note 4] No [note 4] No [note 4] Disabled Dropped
Chromium Yes Yes Yes Yes No [note 4] No [note 4] No [note 4] Disabled Dropped
Dillo Yes No No No No No No No
Dooble Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No
ELinks Yes Yes Yes [note 5] Yes Yes No No No No
Falkon Yes Yes Yes [note 6] Yes Yes [note 7] Yes [note 8] No No No
Flock Yes Yes No Yes No [note 9] No No No
Galeon ? Yes ? Disabled Yes No No No
iCab Yes No No No No No [note 3] No No
Internet Explorer Yes Yes Yes Yes[note 10] Yes No [note 11] Yes[note 12] Yes[note 13] No Dropped
K-Meleon Yes Yes No Disabled Yes No No No
Konqueror Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes [note 14] Depends [note 15] No No
Links Yes Yes ? Yes Yes No No No
Lunascape No No No Yes Yes No No No
Lynx No No Yes No No No No No No
Maxthon Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No
Microsoft Edge ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Midori Yes Yes Yes No Yes No No No
Mosaic No No No No No No No No
Mozilla Firefox Yes Yes No [note 16] Yes Yes No [note 9] No[note 17] Yes No Yes
Netscape Navigator Yes Yes No Yes No No No No
NetSurf No Yes No No No No No No
OmniWeb Yes Yes No No No [note 2] Yes Yes No
Opera Yes Yes Yes No [note 18] Yes Yes Yes Yes Dropped Dropped
Pale Moon Yes Yes No Yes Yes No No Yes No
Polarity Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Rekonq ? Yes ? ? Yes ? ? ? ?
Safari Yes Yes Yes Yes (only Mac) [note 19] No Yes (only Mac) [note 2] Yes (only Mac) [note 3] Yes (only Mac) [note 3] Yes ?
SeaMonkey Yes Yes No Yes Yes No [note 20] No No No
Shiira ? Yes Yes Yes No Yes No No
Sleipnir Yes Yes No No Yes No No No
surf ? Yes No Yes No No No No No
Torch Browser Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No
Web Yes Yes No Yes Yes No [note 21] No No No
WorldWideWeb ? ? ? ? No No No No
w3m ? Yes Yes Yes No No No No
Browser Access keys Tabbing navigation Spatial navigation Caret navigation Smart Bookmarks Mouse gesture Text-to-speech Voice control Tab Stacking Can disable font smoothing
  1. Font smoothing or font rasterization is arguably an accessibility feature affecting how the fonts are rendered and font readability. Also referred as ClearType or TrueType
  2. 1 2 3 On Mac systems, gestures are available systemwide via multitouch sensing on trackpads and mice.
  3. 1 2 3 4 On macOS, text-to speech and speech recognition are available systemwide and is available from menu in native Cocoa browsers.
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Google Chrome can be given these features using extensions like smooth gestures, speechify and voice control for google chrome.
  5. ELinks 0.12 supports spatial navigation.
  6. Available as of this commit.
  7. Supports as of v1.7.0: https://github.com/QupZilla/qupzilla/issues/458
  8. Available as a Mouse Gestures plugin which is disabled by default, but it is part of default installation.
  9. 1 2 Mouse gesture support can be added by installing extensions like All-in-One Gestures (Firefox-only) and Mouse Gestures .
  10. Internet Explorer 8 supports caret browsing.
  11. Mouse gesture support is available via plug-ins, i.e. Mouse Gestures for Internet Explorer or Easy Go Back.
  12. TTS in Internet Explorer is available through the operating system Speech API. For TTS, SAPI takes text as input and uses the TTS engine to output that text as spoken audio. This is the same technology used by the Windows accessibility tool, Narrator. SAPI and an English TTS engine have been embedded in all Windows operating systems since the release of Windows XP.
  13. Internet Explorer can be controlled by applications which use the operating system Speech API. A built-in application called Windows Speech Recognition ships with Windows Vista and later client versions.
  14. Mouse gesture support is available system-wide in KDE
  15. Text-to speech support depends on the kttsd application in the kdeaccessibility package
  16. Doug Turner, the Minimo lead developer, has introduced spatial navigation to some special Firefox builds "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 22 April 2005. Retrieved 20 April 2005.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link). It may build as a default part of Firefox "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 22 April 2005. Retrieved 20 April 2005.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link).
  17. Firefox works with a number of screen readers such as JAWS (screen reader) and Microsoft Speech API through extensions.[which?]
  18. opera : a sort of caret navigation can be enabled by a button or a shortcut at the Wayback Machine (archived 1 November 2006)
  19. On macOS systems, caret navigation (called "Full Keyboard Access") can be enabled systemwide.
  20. Mouse gesture support can be added by installing extensions like Mouse Gestures Suite (Seamonkey-only) .
  21. Web supports mouse gestures as an extension from the official extensions package.

Acid scores

[relevant? ]

The Acid tests are online test suites to determine aspects of standards compliance, to expose web page rendering flaws, and to rate the performance of browsers. Upon each test's release, they are designed so that no existing browser can pass without further development. In order for a browser to pass any Acid test, the latest public release of the browser (not an alpha, beta, release candidate, or other version under development or testing procedures) must meet the requirements shown below. In addition, the browser should be tested upon completion of installation, with no add-ons installed (some browsers make this easy by providing a "safe mode" option) and all the factory settings (no options have been changed from their defaults).

Acid1:

  • Final rendering looks exactly like the rendering provided by the Acid tests website.
  • Text can be highlighted and radio buttons can be selected.

Acid2:

  • Final rendering looks exactly like the rendering provided by the Acid tests website.
  • Smiley's nose turns blue when hovered over.

Acid3:

  • Final rendering looks exactly like the rendering provided by the Acid tests website.
  • Test does not report failed tests or abnormal delays (leftclick letter "A" to obtain a report)
Browser Acid1 Acid2 Acid3
Amaya No No No
AOL Explorer No No No
Arora Yes Yes 100/100
Avant No No No
Brave Yes Yes 100/100
Camino Yes Yes 99/100
Chrome Yes Yes 100/100[91]
Chromium Yes Yes 100/100
Comodo Dragon Yes Yes 100/100
Dillo No No No
Dooble Yes Yes 100/100
ELinks No No No
Falkon Yes Yes 100/100
Flock Yes Yes 80/100
Galeon ? Yes 72/100
iCab ? Yes 100/100
Internet Explorer Yes Yes 100/100
Internet Explorer for Mac Yes No No
K-Meleon Yes Yes Yes[note 1]
Konqueror Yes Yes 91/100[note 2]
Links ? No No
Lunascape ? Yes 100/100[92]
Lynx No No No
Maxthon Yes Yes 100/100
Microsoft Edge Yes Yes 100/100
Midori Yes Yes 100/100[93]
Mosaic No No No
Mozilla Yes No 35/100
Mozilla Firefox Yes Yes 100/100
Netscape Yes No 35/100
Netscape Browser Yes No 35/100
Netscape Navigator No No Crashes
Netscape Navigator 9 Yes No 59/100
NetSurf Yes ? No
OmniWeb Yes Yes No
Opera Yes Yes 100/100
Pale Moon Yes Yes 100/100
Polarity Yes Yes 100/100[94]
Rekonq Yes Yes 100/100
Safari Yes Yes Yes[95]
Safe Browser Secure Yes Yes