2019 Formula One World Championship

The 2019 FIA Formula One World Championship is a planned motor racing championship for Formula One cars which would be the 70th running of the Formula One World Championship. It is recognised by the governing body of international motorsport, the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA), as the highest class of competition for open-wheel racing cars. The championship is due to be contested over a number of Grands Prix held in different countries throughout the world. Drivers are scheduled to compete for the title of World Drivers' Champion, and teams for the World Constructors' Champion. The 2019 championship is also scheduled to see the running of the 1000th World Championship race, in China.

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2019 FIA Formula One
World Championship
Previous: 2018 Next: 2020
Support series:
FIA Formula 2 Championship
FIA Formula 3 Championship
Lewis Hamilton is the reigning World Drivers' Champion.
Mercedes are the reigning World Constructors' Champion; pictured is the F1 W10 EQ Power+, the car that is scheduled to compete in the in the 2019 championship.

The 2019 FIA Formula One World Championship is a planned motor racing championship for Formula One cars which would be the 70th running of the Formula One World Championship. It is recognised by the governing body of international motorsport, the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA), as the highest class of competition for open-wheel racing cars. The championship is due to be contested over a number of Grands Prix held in different countries throughout the world. Drivers are scheduled to compete for the title of World Drivers' Champion, and teams for the World Constructors' Champion. The 2019 championship is also scheduled to see the running of the 1000th World Championship race, in China.[1][2]

Lewis Hamilton is the defending World Drivers' Champion, after winning his fifth championship title at the 2018 Mexican Grand Prix. Mercedes are the defending their World Constructors' Champions after winning their fifth championship at the 2018 Brazilian Grand Prix.

Entries

Ten teams, with two drivers each, are due to compete in the championship in 2019.

Teams and drivers under contract to compete in the 2019 World Championship
Entrant Constructor Chassis Power unit Race drivers
No. Driver name
Alfa Romeo Racing Alfa Romeo Racing-Ferrari C38 Ferrari 064 7
99
Finland Kimi Räikkönen
Italy Antonio Giovinazzi
Italy Scuderia Ferrari Mission Winnow Ferrari SF90 Ferrari 064 5
16
Germany Sebastian Vettel
Monaco Charles Leclerc
United States Rich Energy Haas F1 Team Haas-Ferrari VF-19 Ferrari 062 8
20
France Romain Grosjean
Denmark Kevin Magnussen
United Kingdom McLaren F1 Team McLaren-Renault MCL34 Renault E-Tech 19 4
55
United Kingdom Lando Norris
Spain Carlos Sainz Jr.
Germany Mercedes-AMG Petronas Motorsport Mercedes F1 W10 EQ Power+ Mercedes M10 EQ Power+ 44
77
United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton
Finland Valtteri Bottas
United Kingdom SportPesa Racing Point F1 Team Racing Point-Mercedes RP19 Mercedes M10 EQ Power+ 11
18
Mexico Sergio Pérez
Canada Lance Stroll
Austria Aston Martin Red Bull Racing Red Bull Racing-Honda RB15 Honda RA619H 10
33
France Pierre Gasly
Netherlands Max Verstappen
France Renault F1 Team Renault R.S.19 Renault E-Tech 19 3
27
Australia Daniel Ricciardo
Germany Nico Hülkenberg
Italy Red Bull Toro Rosso Honda Scuderia Toro Rosso-Honda STR14 Honda RA619H 23
26
Thailand Alexander Albon
Russia Daniil Kvyat
United Kingdom ROKiT Williams Racing Williams-Mercedes FW42 Mercedes M10 EQ Power+ 63
88
United Kingdom George Russell
Poland Robert Kubica
Sources:[3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15]

Team changes

Red Bull Racing ended its twelve-year partnership with Renault and switched to Honda engines.[16] In doing so, Red Bull Racing joined sister team Scuderia Toro Rosso in using Honda power after Scuderia Toro Rosso joined the Japanese manufacturer in 2018. Neither team will be recognised as Honda's official factory team under the terms of the agreement.[17]

Racing Point F1 Team completed their transition from the Racing Point Force India identity that they used after their purchase of the assets of Sahara Force India in August 2018.[18] Sauber was renamed Alfa Romeo Racing in an extension of the sponsorship deal that began in 2018.[19] The Sauber name will disappear entirely from the Formula One grid, but will still be used in the Formula 2 and Formula 3 support categories.[20][21]

Driver changes

Robert Kubica will return to Formula One after suffering life-threatening injuries in a 2011 rallying accident

The lead up to the 2019 championship saw several driver changes. Daniel Ricciardo moved to Renault after five years with Red Bull Racing,[22][23] replacing Carlos Sainz Jr.. Ricciardo's drive at Red Bull Racing has been taken by Pierre Gasly, who was promoted from Scuderia Toro Rosso, the team with whom he made his first Formula One start in 2017.[24] Daniil Kvyat rejoined Toro Rosso after last racing for the team in 2017.[25] He will be partnered with Formula 2 driver Alexander Albon, who replaced Brendon Hartley.[26] Albon will subsequently become only the second Thai driver to race in Formula One, making his debut sixty-five years after Prince Bira's last start at the 1954 Spanish Grand Prix.

Sainz Jr., who was on loan to Renault in 2018, did not have his deal with Red Bull renewed and subsequently moved to McLaren to replace two-time World Drivers' Champion Fernando Alonso,[27] who had earlier announced that he would not compete in Formula One in 2019.[28][29] Sainz Jr. was partnered with 2017 European Formula 3 champion Lando Norris.[30] Stoffel Vandoorne left McLaren after the 2018 season to race in Formula E with the Mercedes-affiliated HWA Team.[31][32]

Charles Leclerc left Sauber after one year with the team, joining Ferrari where he took the place of Kimi Räikkönen.[33] Räikkönen returned to Sauber, now renamed Alfa Romeo, with whom he had started his career in 2001.[34] He will be partnered with Antonio Giovinazzi, who made two starts for the team when he replaced the injured Pascal Wehrlein in 2017.[35][36] Marcus Ericsson will race in the IndyCar Series in 2019, driving for Schmidt Peterson Motorsports but will remain at Sauber as third driver and brand ambassador.[35][37][38]

Reigning Formula 2 champion George Russell joined Williams.[39] Robert Kubica is scheduled to return to Formula 1, replacing Sergey Sirotkin at Williams. Kubica's return comes after an eight-year absence brought on by a near-fatal rally car crash in 2011 that left him with serious arm injuries.[40][41]

Esteban Ocon left Racing Point Force India and joined Mercedes as reserve driver. Ocon will share the role of simulator driver with Stoffel Vandoorne.[42][43] Ocon has been replaced at Racing Point by Lance Stroll, who left Williams.[44]

Calendar

The following twenty-one Grands Prix are due to be run as part of the 2019 World Championship. Each race is run over minimal number of laps that exceed a total distance of 305 km (189.5 mi) (the only exception is the Monaco Grand Prix with 260 km (161.6 mi)).[45] All drivers are required to make at least one pit stop per race.[citation needed]

Schedule of events
Round Grand Prix Circuit Date
1 Australian Grand Prix Australia Melbourne Grand Prix Circuit, Melbourne 17 March
2 Bahrain Grand Prix Bahrain Bahrain International Circuit, Sakhir 31 March
3 Chinese Grand Prix China Shanghai International Circuit, Shanghai 14 April
4 Azerbaijan Grand Prix Azerbaijan Baku City Circuit, Baku 28 April
5 Spanish Grand Prix Spain Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya, Montmeló 12 May
6 Monaco Grand Prix Monaco Circuit de Monaco, Monte Carlo 26 May
7 Canadian Grand Prix Canada Circuit Gilles Villeneuve, Montreal 9 June
8 French Grand Prix France Circuit Paul Ricard, Le Castellet 23 June
9 Austrian Grand Prix Austria Red Bull Ring, Spielberg 30 June
10 British Grand Prix United Kingdom Silverstone Circuit, Silverstone 14 July
11 German Grand Prix Germany Hockenheimring, Hockenheim 28 July
12 Hungarian Grand Prix Hungary Hungaroring, Mogyoród 4 August
13 Belgian Grand Prix Belgium Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps, Stavelot 1 September
14 Italian Grand Prix Italy Autodromo Nazionale Monza, Monza 8 September
15 Singapore Grand Prix Singapore Marina Bay Street Circuit, Singapore 22 September
16 Russian Grand Prix Russia Sochi Autodrom, Sochi 29 September
17 Japanese Grand Prix Japan Suzuka International Racing Course, Suzuka 13 October
18 Mexican Grand Prix Mexico Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez, Mexico City 27 October
19 United States Grand Prix United States Circuit of the Americas, Austin, Texas 3 November
20 Brazilian Grand Prix Brazil Autódromo José Carlos Pace, São Paulo 17 November
21 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix United Arab Emirates Yas Marina Circuit, Abu Dhabi 1 December
Sources:[46][47][48]
Nations that are scheduled to host a Grand Prix in 2019 are highlighted in green, with circuit locations marked with a black dot. Former host nations are shown in dark grey, and former host circuits are marked with a white dot.

Calendar changes

The Mexican and United States Grands Prix swapped places on the calendar so that the United States round follows the Mexican Grand Prix.[46][49]

Changes

Technical regulations

In a bid to improve overtaking, teams agreed to a series of aerodynamic changes that affect the profile of the front and rear wings. The front wing endplates were reshaped to alter the airflow across the car and reduce the effects of aerodynamic turbulence and winglets above the main plane of the front wing have been banned. The slot in the rear wing was widened, making the drag reduction system (DRS) more powerful.[50] The agreed-upon changes were drawn from the findings of a working group set up to investigate potential changes to the technical regulations in preparation for the 2021 championship.

Parts of the technical regulations governing bodywork were rewritten in a bid to promote sponsorship opportunities for teams.[51] The agreed changes are to mandate smaller bargeboards and limit aerodynamic development of the rear wing endplates to create more space for sponsor logos. The changes were introduced as a response to falling revenues amid teams and the struggles of smaller teams to secure new sponsors.

The mandated maximum fuel levels were raised from 105 kg (231 lb) to 110 kg (240 lb) so as to minimise the need for drivers to conserve fuel during a race.[52][note 1] Driver weights are no longer considered when measuring the minimum weight of the car. This change was agreed to following concerns that drivers were being forced to lose dangerous amounts of weight in order to offset the additional weight of the post-2014 generation of turbo-hybrid engines.[52] Drivers who weigh less than 80 kg (180 lb) will have to make up this weight with ballast, located around the seat to minimise possible performance gains. The changes were introduced to eliminate the advantage drivers with a naturally-smaller body shape had over taller and heavier drivers, and to discourage unhealthy diet and exercise regimes to improve performance.[53]

Driver safety

The FIA introduced a new standard for driver helmets designed to improve safety. Under the new standard, helmets will be subjected to a more thorough range of crash tests aimed at improving energy absorption and deflection as well as reducing the likelihood of objects penetrating the helmet's structure. All certified helmet manufacturers were required to pass the tests in advance of the 2019 championship to have their certification renewed. Once introduced to Formula One, the new standard will gradually be applied to all helmets used by competitors in every FIA-sanctioned event.[54]

Tyres

Tyre supplier Pirelli renamed its range of tyres following a request from the FIA and the sport's management. The governing body argued that the naming conventions used in 2018 were obtuse and difficult for casual spectators to understand.[55][56] Under the new plan, names given to particular compounds, such as "hypersoft" and "ultrasoft", will be replaced by referring during each race to the three compounds teams have available for that race as soft, medium and hard. This is hoped to aid fans understanding the tyre compounds used at each round. The actual compounds for the season will be referred to by number, from the firmest ("1") to the softest ("5").[note 2] Pirelli will continue to decide which three compounds are made available for each race. The practice of using colours to identify the specific compound (such as pink for the hypersoft) will be discontinued, with white, yellow and red being used for the three compounds available for each race where white denoted the hardest available compound and red the softest. As all 5 compounds are available in testing there will be slight variations in the details on the tyre sidewalls to distinguish between the different compounds during testing.[57][58]

Notes

  1. Formula One measures fuel, oil and engine fluids in weight rather than volume, as these fluids change in volume, but not weight, with temperature.
  2. Seven compounds were technically available in 2018, although as was expected the "superhard" tyre was never used.

References

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