Even the stone age depicts the existence of habitation in Mumbai, which was prior known as Bombay. Kolis and Aagri, which were the fishing communities, are known to be the first settlers here. With each passing era, the island came under the control of different Kings and Governers. There were dynasties like Satavahanas, Kalachuris, Mauryas, Chalukyas, and Rashtrakutas that ruled Mumbai.
In the 13th century, King Bhimdev became the ruler, and during that period, many settlers came to Mumbai. Later in 1348, the islands were captured by the Muslim rulers of Gujarat, and they ruled till 1534.
The Mughals invaded the islands in the 17th century, and from that time, various developments in terms of trading happened in the city. In the 19th century, the first Indian railway was brought into existence, and educational development took place too. When the 20th century came, the city became an important part of the Indian independence movement. It also became the center of the Rowlatt Satyagraha of 1919 and the Royal Indian Navy Mutiny of 1946.
When India got its independence in 1947, the area of Mumbai expanded when several other states that were part of the Indian Union joined Bombay; the Bombay Presidency was modernized too. Later, following the Samyukta Maharashtra movement in 1960, the city was combined into the territory of Maharashtra State from Bombay State. On 6 March 1996, it was renamed as Mumbai.
In the 18th century, when the East Indian Company was the sovereign in Mumbai, the city witnessed some educational and economic progression. The Wellington Pier was built for loading and unloading of the goods from the ships. The Elphinstone High School was established in 1822. The passage from Bombay to the Deccan got more facilitated with the construction of the road for the Bhor Ghat.
This increased the trading environment in Mumbai, along with that Elphinstone College was built in 1835. Both the islands, Colaba and Little Colaba, were connected to Bombay. In the same year, the rulers were able to establish efficient communication between Bombay and London.
The Cotton Exchange was open in Cotton Green in 1844. The Mahim Causeway was put to work that connected Mahim to Bandra and was completed in 1845. The Commercial Bank of India was established in 1845. Notes with Western and Eastern themes were issued.
Getting the development further, on 3 November 1845, Governor Robert Grant established the Grant Medical College and hospital. In 1852 to hear out public complaints, the Bombay Association was established as the first political organization of the Bombay Presidency.
The Indian railway line was first, used to cover a distance of 21 miles connecting Bombay and neighboring Thane on 16 April 1853. Later the Bombay, Baroda, and Central India Railway was incorporated too in 1855.
The University of Bombay that was established in 1857, became the first institution for higher studies. Other banks such as the Commercial Bank and the Chartered and the Central Bank of Western India were established too. All these banks attracted more industrialization in the city and improved the overall economic score.
The cotton trade increased enormously after the American Civil War, which built a huge demand for cotton in the West, and that led to significant cotton trade. After the independence of India, the Parsi and Marwaris Migrant communities were the owners of most industries and trades, while the South Indian migrants had more control over the white-collar jobs.
Mumbai also faced several riots and strikes, such as the Great Bombay Textile Strike that happened on 18 January 1982. At least 2 Lac workers and more than 50 textile mills went passive. After two years, on 17 May 1984, disturbances again took place when a saffron flag was placed at the top of a mosque.
The destruction of the Babri Mosque in Ayodhya affected Mumbai majorly between December 1992 and January 93 when over 1,000 people were killed. It is believed that in revenge for the Babri Mosque demolition,13 bomb explosions took place in Bombay on 12 March 1993. These were arranged by mafia don Dawood Ibrahim, as per the records.
Mumbai from the ancient and gone days to this date faced several significant changes in terms of different Kingdoms, Governers, Developments, and Riots. Today Mumbai serves as the prime hub for talents seeking a career in Bollywood. It has been developed immensely in all these years that it offers every kind of job to people, and it is the city that never sleeps. Get Daily Rahu Kalam Mumbai from Astropedia
Submitted 67 day(s) ago by astroved